Treatment involves adherence to a sparing regime (the patient requires rest) and eliminate factors that may exacerbate inflammation (Smoking cessation, acute, cold and hot food).
MEDICAL TREATMENT OF LARYNGITIS
The choice of treatment for laryngitis is determined by the form of the disease and the severity of the process and the patient’s age. Patients shown anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents.
The best effect can be achieved with the use of these drugs in the form of sprays. Frequency of use during the day and the duration of the course of treatment is at the discretion of the attending physician. Inhalation laryngitis is recommended with antibiotic drugs.
The most effective are the antibacterial drug penicillin and broad-spectrum antibiotics belonging to cephalosporins. 10 for the treatment of the catarrhal form of chronic laryngitis inhalations do with oil or alkaline solutions. Treatment of atrophic laryngitis in adults require treatment of the mucosa with the use of aerosol products, which include chymotrypsin.
Dry cough is to thin the mucus, mucolytics are shown, and as expectorants recommended drugs thermopsis, marshmallow, and various thoracic fees as well as funds with Bromhexine.
In the treatment of subglottic laryngitis in children prescribe mucolytics, thinning the secretions and facilitate expectoration. If an attack when false croup is unable to stop yourself, you need to call a team of emergency aid. In a hospital with the aid of the laryngoscope carry out local treatment of the affected area vasoconstrictor drugs. Can be introduced antihistamines and hormones. Often children need oxygen therapy.
LARYNGITIS: TREATMENT AT HOME
Good therapeutic effect can achieve a hot compress (for example, vodka). If the mucous membrane is brown, it can be carefully poured into the larynx of a small amount (1 g) vegetable oil (sea buckthorn or peach). The procedure should be carried out daily for 1-1.5 weeks.
To treat laryngitis at home are great gargling with the decoction of blueberries, beet juice, and a solution of Apple cider vinegar are homemade. When false croup the child is shown a hot foot bath (duration of treatment is 3-5 minutes).
Children need plenty of warm drinks. On the neck you can put compresses. In the baby’s room need to provide fresh humidified air. For reflex relief of asthma attack are advised to take a clean spatula (or a spoon) and touch the tool to the back of the throat of the child.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS OF LARYNGITIS
Acute laryngitis may become chronic. The inflammatory process then extends further and affects the trachea (in this case we are talking about laryngotracheitis). In hypertrophic form characteristic changes (thickening and growth) of soft tissues of the larynx, generally considered as precancerous condition. In order to avoid degeneration of the affected tissue needs to icecats.
Sometimes in clinical practice there are such diseases as phlegmonous laryngitis and abscess of the larynx. When abscess form occurs infiltrative-purulent inflammation, affecting the submucosal layer and, in some cases, the ligaments and muscles of the larynx. Pathology may be the result of injury or infection.
Phlegmonous laryngitis manifested severe pain during the act of swallowing, and difficulty breathing (possible suffocation). During the inspection, you may discover areas of necrotic tissue. Patients are shown a massive antibiotic therapy. If the abscess is discovered, it opened and drained cavity. Stenosis is an indication for the tracheotomy.
Among the possible complications include cellulitis of the neck, sepsis (blood infection) and abscess forming pneumonia. When properly conducted complex treatment, the prognosis is quite favorable. Abscess of the larynx may develop due to injury of the mucosa and entering into the wound infection, or occur as a complication of phlegmonous laryngitis. Characterized by localized purulent inflammation of the lingual region of the epiglottis. The patient noted a sharp pain while swallowing; after 2-3 days the swelling increases, which is accompanied by change in voice and difficulty in breathing. Patient assigned to anti-inflammatory drugs and the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy is conducted the autopsy and abscess drainage. After surgery are shown inhalations with antibiotics.
PREVENTION OF LARYNGITIS IN ADULTS AND CHILDREN
To prevent the development of laryngitis, it is necessary to treat inflammatory diseases (tonsillitis, sinusitis etc.). Great importance is the timely readjustment of foci of infection and General strengthening of the body (hardening). With reduced immunity should take multivitamin complexes, as well as funds from the group of immunomodulators.